The city of Dublin has a long history in its location at the mouth of the River Liffey. In fact, the old Irish name of the city was Baile Atha Cliath meaning the town of Hurdle Ford. This name came from an old river crossing that can still be found today.
The raids of the Vikings in the 9th century lead to them starting a settlement in the area where they farmed and traded with the locals. The Danes controlled this area until the Norman invasion in 1169 when Henry II expanded his empire. Over the next few hundred years, Dublin expanded and became the most important city in Ireland. One of the major setbacks was the devastation from the Black Death in 1368.
In 1592, Queen Elizabeth I started Trinity College. This famous university still exists today and is one of the most respected universities in the world. Other important events in the history of Dublin and Ireland include an invasion by Oliver Cromwell in 1649, who took the best land for his soldiers and Ireland backing James II at the Battle of the Boyne in 1690.
Several hundred years of Irish upset at the English masters lead to high emigration, especially during the potato famine, and frequent revolts. This cumulated with the formation of Sinn Fein in the 20th century and independence was finally granted on 6 December 1922. One of the results of this treaty was the split into the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland which stayed under British control and was the scene of many disturbances that continue today.
In the 1990s, the economic fortunes of the country changed for the better with growth of 40% from 1993 to 1997. This led to unemployment at record low levels and better standards of living for the Irish. Another benefit of this was an increase in tourism to the region and the emigration trend even reversed.
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